Civil Engineering deals with supplying a wide range of Man's technical-material requirements on personal, local, regional and national levels. It deals with research, planning, implementation, management, supervision and operation of civil and defense systems as well as building and natural resources with the aim of adapting them to these needs.
Civil engineers work in the areas of: construction engineering | building management | materials | function and technology of construction | hydrology and water resources | hydraulics | environmental engineering | transportation and traffic engineering | geotechnology | ground and foundation engineering | geodesy. Civil engineering is an important and essential part of a country's strength and it is the basis for development and preservation of the infrastructure required for its existence, mobility, and the well-being and development of its population. This is especially true of Israel whose civilian, industrial and agricultural sectors have been growing steadily since the establishment of the state. The civil engineering operations and industries contribute a significant amount to Israel's GNP. Civil engineers are key personnel in planning and carrying out projects in the framework of building and growth in different sectors of the economy.
Career Options and Job Opportunities
The demand for civil engineers, is ever growing in many regions of the world. Civil engineers can choose from a wide range of occupations, including planning, management, execution, control and supervision of projects such as setting up the infrastructure and building of settlements, industries, agriculture and various defense systems.
Civil engineers manage construction companies, factories and subcontractors involved in these areas. They are qualified to work in a private or public framework with residential, public or industrial buildings, in marine or air transportation, including roads, bridges and tunnels, in marine engineering and marine structures and airports. They are also involved in the development and management of water resources, in planning urban systems, protecting the environment and pollution prevention, in development and establishment of industrial facilities for recycling of materials and exploiting natural raw materials. In addition, civil engineers are trained in ground and foundation engineering, in construction technology and in development and implementation of new building materials and supervision of building materials quality.
Civil engineers can work in planning and computerized simulation systems as well as in systems analysis and optimization of construction processes and exploitation of natural resources. They can carry out cost analysis and economic feasibility of civil projects, and find solutions for difficult problems of quality of life such as water sources and their quality. Civil engineers work in plants producing materials for the building industry and specialize in production and marketing methods. Civil engineers can be found today on all management and execution levels in the public and private sectors and directly or indirectly participate in the business activities of an immense industry, whose position in and stamp on Israel has been evident for many years.
Civil engineers use their broad knowledge to join and complement other engineering areas such as structural planning and marine transport in mechanical engineering, aeronautical structures in aerospace engineering as well as development of energy sources and development of processes for producing new sources of food.
The study program reflects civil engineering's wide range of vocational fields and opportunities. It allows theoretical and practical specialization in the different areas of civil engineers operations.
The initial semesters are dedicated primarily to required subjects. Students take core science courses such as Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, and Computer Programming. Later on courses in basic technology are introduced, such as Engineering Mechanics and Graphic Technology, Strength Theory, Materials Engineering, Fluid Mechanics, Measurement Theory, Introduction to Numerical Methods, Systems Analysis and Statistics. In the advanced stages of study, students take required basic courses in each of Civil Engineering's fields: Concrete Structures, Transportation Engineering, Hydraulics, Geomechanics, Geodesy, Environmental Engineering, Function and Technology of construction and Construction Management.
The Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering offers undergraduate students new programs dedicated to sub-disciplines of Civil engineering, namely: Structural Engineering, Management and Building Engineering, Transportation Engineering - and Water Engineering in addition to the general program on Civil Engineering. It also offers a program in Mapping and Geo-Information Engineering, and in Environmental Engineering, These four years programs cover different areas of specialization.
At the end of the theoretical studies program, students work in different labs and use computers in order to calculate and plan, as well as participating in fieldwork and seminars. In addition, students must carry out projects in which they are called upon to implement and integrate the knowledge, which they acquire in order to plan and solve practical problems based on realistic data.
The Faculty encourages ties with industry, planning offices and employers in the public and private sectors. This professional relationship, which may be created earlier on while they are still studying, helps students apply what they learned in classes in the field and use the experience which they have acquired to define future study and employment plans. Study programs are determined according to the Faculty's different areas of specialization. The Faculty is continually developing additional fields related to computer applications and uses in civil engineering.
Computers are used in the study program as a means of calculating when planning execution and control of different areas of civil engineering. Students have at their disposal a full array of modern computers, from micro-computers through mini-computers up to consoles of the Technion's central computer. In addition, the track allows students to study using different software, including computer-aided graphics.
Libraries and Laboratories
Students have two libraries available for their use: a central Technion library which has a broad range of professional literature and journals from all over the world in all the fields covered by the teachers their studies and a faculty library containing all needed literature related to the broad field of Civil Engineering. A third library is located in the Institute for Research of Transportation and Road Accidents. Students and researchers can use these libraries freely. Students can carry out experimental and practical work, while acquiring knowledge firsthand from workshops and labs, two testing centers, the Transportation Institute, the Institute of Marine Technology Research and the Center for Environmental Engineering.
Outstanding students from other tracks who meet certain criteria may, in parallel, study Civil Engineering for an additional major: for example, Mechanical Engineering, Architecture and Chemical Engineering students.
After completion of undergraduate studies, students can prepare themselves for graduate studies which usually include reseach on a specific topic.
My name is Matan Maskit and I am currently finishing my ME in the Civil Engineering - Water Resources & Hydraulic Engineering program.
I have been interested in the Israeli water sector since I was young. The severe water shortage in Israel and the crisis which the water sector is experiencing have motivated me to work in this field. I would like to create, change, and lead the Israeli water sector forward while ensuring that the world's most valuable resource, water, continues to satisfy the changing needs of Israel. While looking for a course of study that would answer this need, I came across the Civil Engineering - Water Engineering program within the faculty of Civil Engineering that provided just this – specialized training as an engineer allowing integration into leading planning and operating companies in the field of water and the environment.
The program, especially the first two years, was not easy. Nevertheless, as time passed and I took part in more courses that interested me, I embraced the challenge. I was exposed to a whole new world I didn't know existed: How to pump water?
How to plan a water system for a city?
How to reclaim wastewater?
How to desalinate sea water?
How to regulate a stream?
How to design water reservoirs, canals, and pipes;
and how this whole complicated system works?
The environment at Technion provided me with a comfortable and supportive place to study. For example, the faculty provided various libraries, study rooms, and workshops; and the pool, gym, and sports facilities were provided with a partial subsidy. In addition, a music room, choir, and many concerts and performances offered by the student union allowed me to engage in my main hobby – music.
Currently, I am in contact with a number of companies in the water sector regarding employment (notably "Mekorot"– Israel's National Water Company) and I feel prepared to join in the emerging national water sector. Due to the high demand for water and environmental engineers and the labor market’s lack of engineers that specialize in this area, I have several job options.
If you are a student that is interested in engineering, and in soil, water, and the environment, and who wants to work in a "hot", progressive, and fulfilling field leading to a wide variety of job options, the Civil Engineering - Water Engineering program at Technion is for you!
The course curriculum is outlined on the internet at: ugportal.technion.ac.il