What is Materials Engineering
Materials Engineering is a multidisciplinary field that combines engineering and sciences, and deals with the relationships between a material's structure and composition and its properties. This combination creates a highly diversified, challenging and demanding field of work. Our syllabi provide the Department’s graduates with a diversified and rich "tool box" that is necessary for a wide variety of industrial and research fields.
The Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the Technion enjoys a worldwide reputation, and its members include Distinguished Professor Dan Shechtman, Nobel Prize Laureate in Chemistry in 2011.
The Basis for Advanced Technologies
Israeli industries are rapidly becoming predominantly “high-tech”, based upon innovation, and creativity, with interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary combinations of science and engineering. These industries encompass a wide variety of fields such as microelectronics, electro-optics, energy and bio-medicine, as well as other established and well-founded fields such as transportation, aerospace and aviation, all of which are characterized by frequent innovation. These technological innovations (computer chips for storage and transfer of digital information, batteries, solar cells, medical implants, lightweight, high-strength structures and turbine blades for jet engines) are all founded upon a wide variety of advanced materials and could not exist without such materials. Materials Science and Engineering is predicated upon the development of such materials and the development of the advanced production and processing techniques needed to produce industrial products. Hence, Materials Science and Engineering provides the basis that drives the development of the advanced high-tech industry.
Students can choose from four programs:
- Materials Engineering (single certification program granting a Bachelor of Science in Materials Engineering)
- Materials Engineering & Physics (a combined program granting a Bachelor of Science in Materials Engineering and Physics )
- Materials Engineering & Chemistry (a combined program granting a Bachelor of Science in Materials Engineering and Chemistry)
- Materials Engineering & Biology (a combined program granting a Bachelor of Science in Materials Engineering and Biology)
The first program (Materials Engineering, a 4-year program) has a greater focus on the engineering aspects of Materials Science and Engineering, whereas the three different combined programs (4.5-year programs) include both Materials Engineering and a major in basic science (physics, chemistry or biology). The combined programs offers graduates a sound basis in science and engineering, as well as the broad basis and understanding necessary for advance technological research and development.
In the first two years of studies, students acquire a solid foundation in mathematics and basic sciences. This is followed by an in-depth study of the various aspects of the profession: material structures; thermodynamics and kinetics; mechanical,
electrical, optical and electrochemical properties; metallic and ceramic materials, polymers and electronic materials. The last year consists, for the most part, of elective courses on a wide variety of subjects and a final research project. Throughout the programs, students complete numerous lab exercises that provide hands-on experience of the subjects taught in class, with direct reference to real-world experience in a wide range of materials research and characterization methodologies.
The graduates of the Department engage in research and development of new materials and advanced production processes for materials, devices and products in the high-tech industry, that can be based on metals, polymers, ceramics, and composite, electronic, electro-optical and electrochemical materials; characterization of material structures and properties; enhancement of the electrical, optical, magnetic, mechanical, thermal and electrochemical properties of various devices and products; and the investigation of material, process, and product failure. The graduates of the Department are employed in leading high-tech companies (Intel, Applied Materials, Rafael), Israel Aerospace Industry, the IDF, the Ministry of Defense etc.
Graduates of Materials Science and Engineering are on the cutting-edge of advanced technological and scientific research and development in these industries. The combination of knowledge and skills acquired in engineering and science that are garnered by the graduates of the Department is a winning combination and can be a key to top positions in high-tech industries.
Experiences of the Department’s graduates
Prof. Lior Korenblaum, who was a student in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, is now a faculty member in the Department of Electrical Engineering, Technion.
I decided to study Materials Engineering and Physics because of the variety, interest and challenge. The variety is expressed in the combination of an engineering degree and a degree in science (physics or chemistry), and also in the variety of fields in Materials Engineering one is exposed to during the studies, including metallic materials, electronic, ceramic, plastics, semi-. My impression was that the wide variety of subjects studied provides a wide range of occupational options in the industry and in research in higher degrees.
My fellow bachelor's degree students work in the defense and aerospace industries, in traditional industries and in the microelectronics industry, as many of them have gone to advanced degrees in material engineering, as well as in mechanical engineering, with a minor in nanotechnology, physics, chemistry and electrical engineering. This is all made possible due to the variety of topics covered in the bachelor's degree, which later on ensures employment in various fields.
At the Technion in general, and in the Materials Science and Engineering Department in particular, frequently you have the opportunity to learn from the people who "wrote the book". I believe that when listening to a lecturer who was a pioneer in his/her field, this makes a significant contribution to your knowledge and motivation. It is important to note that the unique program for dual-major bachelor's degree is not easy, and consists of challenging courses from various departments.
The second and mainly the third degree allow greater freedom of action and options to specialize in some of the most advanced methods worldwide, as well as to work with cutting-edge equipment in material research. The higher degrees prepare students to research and development work in the industry through hands-on, independent experience of academic research.
The Materials Science and Engineering Department is equipped with the most innovative complex of electron microscopy with state-of-the-art scientific equipment. Already in the first degree, as part of the work in advanced labs, you have an opportunity to get acquainted with this equipment. In higher degrees, students can specialize in advanced method and accumulate experience toward working in the industry, where similar equipment is being used.
The course curriculum is outlined on the internet at:http://undergraduate.technion.ac.il